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Qatar- Aspetar book provides a unique insight into the world of sports medicine

(MENAFN – Gulf Times) Aspetar, the leading orthopaedic and sports medicine hospital, announced the launching of Aspetar Sports Medicine Collection, a special edition book created by the Aspetar Sports Medicine Journal, Aspetar.
This unique two-volume book brings around 200 articles which were written by more than 300 authors and carefully selected by the Editor-in-Chief, Prof Dr Nebojsa Popovic, and his co-editors. Volume 1 focuses on topics in sports science, medicine of sport, and exercise & lifestyle medicine, whilst Volume 2 addresses subjects relevant to injuries of the upper and lower extremity.
With more than 1,400 pages, Aspetar Sports Medicine Collection aims to help its readers, whether they are medical professionals, coaches or students, improve their understanding of sports medicine to make better-informed decisions in assisting the athletes.
Through its new publication, Aspetar aims to appeal to a wide range of readers interested in the sports and medical fields and to build awareness, locally, regionally and internationally around its world-class facilities, cutting-edge technologies and break-through research. This helps to realise its mission of becoming a global leader in the fields of sports medicine, orthopaedic surgery and rehabilitation.
Commenting on the publication, Khalid Ali al-Mawlawi, Chief Administrative Officer of Aspetar said: ‘This collection contributes to the Aspetar’s efforts of spreading knowledge amongst healthcare practitioners, students, and athletes locally and Globally. Several topics have been raised in this issue by publishing more than 200 scientific articles through the participation of the most prominent scientists and researchers from various parts of the world, in addition to sharing the experiences that the hospital has with the medical community, which aligns with Aspetar’s vision to be a leader in sports medicine in the region and around the world.
As a part of Aspetar’s commitment to free knowledge sharing, the book will not be available for sale. Instead, 1,000 hard copy will be gifted to authors, relevant institutions and distinguished individuals in Qatar and around the world. It will also be distributed to renowned organisations worldwide, such as: International Olympic Committee (IOC) and FIFA, and other sports federations and clubs.
Prof Dr Nebojsa Popovic said, ‘This Collection would not have been possible without so many enthusiastic individuals sharing their expertise, time and passion in supporting the multidisciplinary, global education, that benefits Qatar and the rest of the world. For that reason we have a moral obligation to announce in the coming weeks, the way in which this collection will be accessible, free of charge, to all those protecting the health of the athletes. All together we have to be ready for the FIFA World Cup in Qatar 2022.
Aspetar journal present a multidisciplinary approach to athlete care with topics including sports science, sports medicine, sports surgery, sports rehabilitation and sports radiology, written by international experts in their field.
Launched in April 2012, the Aspetar Sports Medicine Journal is a scientific magazine published by Aspetar hospital, where athletes are provided with the highest possible medical treatment for sports-related injuries in a state-of-the-art facility, staffed by some of the

Insight from sports medicine leads to discovery about mussels in acidifying ocean

Insight from sports medicine leads to discovery about mussels in acidifying ocean
Postdoctoral researcher Susanne Vogeler (front left), Lucie-Liane Duchesne (back left) and Microbiologist Diane Kapareiko (right) study mussel feeding rates in the field. Credit: NOAA Fisheries

Shannon Meseck, a NOAA Fisheries research chemist and marathon runner, was initially interested in how ultra-runners can tolerate higher levels of carbon dioxide than non-athletes. A chance conversation with a medical doctor about ciliated cells in the human lung turned on a light bulb in her head. Could similarities between the function of these cells in humans and in blue mussels explain the mussels’ response to increasing acidification in the ocean?

Blue mussels, one of the mollusks Meseck studies, are economically and environmentally important filter-feeding bivalves. Like other bivalves, they use their gills for feeding and respiration. Gill cilia—microscopic, hair-like structures—create and control the current that allows water and food to flow over the gills. The cilia also help capture and sort food particles.

Similar ciliated cells in the human lung have receptors that sense the environment, including carbon dioxide concentration. They signal responses that can include changes in cilia beat frequency. Ultra-runners’ lungs are very efficient at this. They can tolerate higher levels of carbon dioxide in the body than non-athletes, and don’t get “winded” as quickly or for as long.

What if, thought Meseck, the increased carbon dioxide characteristic of ocean acidification also inhibited shellfish cilia? Feeding and respiration would also be inhibited. This “what if” question led to a study conducted by the NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center’s laboratory in Milford, Connecticut.

This study may be the first to show that shellfish gill cilia slow down with increasing dissolved carbon dioxide. The results confirm that elevated carbon dioxide concentration reduces feeding rates of blue mussels. Further, the researchers found evidence that slowing the cilia beat frequency—how often they twitch and move water—causes these decreased feeding rates. This is similar to what can happen in human lungs. These findings are important to understanding how ocean acidification affects shellfish and marine ecosystems. The study appeared in Ecological Indicators.

What Happens to Mussels When There’s Too Much Carbon Dioxide?

Reduced feeding and filtration have important implications for energy and growth in blue mussels, as well as ecosystem level effects. “Bivalve filtration is an ecosystem service, and how ocean acidification may be affecting that must be better understood,” said Meseck.

As atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration increases, the ocean is absorbing approximately 30 percent of it, making the water more acidic. In the Northeastern United States, dissolved carbon dioxide in seawater increased 2.5 percent from 2007 to 2015.

Researchers measured the feeding rates of mussels in low and high carbon dioxide conditions in a field experiment in Milford Harbor. They used a biodeposition method developed by other Milford researchers. For comparison, a similar experiment was conducted in the laboratory, exposing blue mussels to two different carbon dioxide concentrations using an experimental delivery system.

In both the field and laboratory experiments, the volume of water that the mussels filtered over time was lower at higher carbon dioxide