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The history of a controversial ‘condition’

For centuries, doctors readily diagnosed women with “hysteria,” an alleged mental health condition that explained away any behaviors or symptoms that made men…uncomfortable.

A fondness of writing, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder or depression, and even infertility — for the best part of two centuries, all of these and more could easily fall under the umbrella of “female hysteria.”

Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, female hysteria was one of the most commonly diagnosed “disorders.” But the mistaken notion that women are somehow predisposed to mental and behavioral conditions is much older than that.

In fact, the term hysteria originated in Ancient Greece. Hippocrates and Plato spoke of the womb, hystera, which they said tended to wander around the female body, causing an array of physical and mental conditions.

But what was female hysteria supposed to be, what were its symptoms, how did doctors “treat” it, and when did they cease to diagnose it as a medical condition?

These are some of the questions that we answer in this Curiosities of Medical History feature.

While the original notions of female hysteria extend far into the history of medicine and philosophy, this diagnostic became popular in the 18th century.

In 1748, French physician Joseph Raulin described hysteria as a “vaporous ailment” — affection vaporeuse in French — an illness spread through air pollution in large urban areas.

While Raulin noted that both men and women could contract hysteria, women were, according to him, more predisposed to this ailment because of their lazy and irritable nature.

In a treatise published in 1770–1773, another French physician, François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix, describes hysteria as something akin to emotional instability, “subject to sudden changes with great sensibility of the soul.”

Some of the hysteria symptoms that he named included: “a swollen abdomen, suffocating angina [chest pain] or dyspnea [shortness of breath], dysphagia [difficulty swallowing], […] cold extremities, tears and laughter, oscitation [yawning], pandiculation [stretching and yawning], delirium, a close and driving pulse, and abundant and clear urine.”

De Sauvages agreed with his predecessors that this condition primarily affected women, and that “men are only rarely hysterical.”

According to him, sexual deprivation was often the cause of female hysteria. To illustrate this, he presented the case study of a nun affected by hysteria, who became cured only when a well-wishing barber took it upon himself to pleasure her.

Another means of “treating” instances of hysteria was through mesmerism, an alleged psychosomatic therapy popularized by Franz Anton Mesmer, a German doctor who was active in 18th-century Europe.

Mesmer believed that living beings were influenced by magnetism, an invisible current that ran through animals and humans, and whose imbalances or fluctuations could lead to health disruptions.

Mesmer alleged that he could act on this magnetic undercurrent and cure humans of various maladies, including hysteria.

Throughout the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, there was perhaps even more talk of female hysteria and its potential causes.

Around the 1850s, American physician Silas Weir

America’s history of racism was a preexisting condition for COVID-19

A Louisiana pastor prays as his parishioners die, first from cancer and now from COVID-19. An Indigenous community in New Mexico lacks adequate health care as the death toll mounts. A sick hospital worker in New Jersey frets about infecting others in her heavily populated neighborhood.



a group of people standing in front of a mirror posing for the camera: Parishioners stand in Our Lady of Grace Catholic Church in Reserve, LA, during a sermon by Rev. Fr. Christopher Chike Amadi.


© Jasper Colt, USA TODAY
Parishioners stand in Our Lady of Grace Catholic Church in Reserve, LA, during a sermon by Rev. Fr. Christopher Chike Amadi.

As the country cries out for a vaccine and a return to normal, lost in the policy debates is the reality that COVID-19 kills far more people of color than white Americans. This isn’t a matter of coincidence, poor choices or bad luck – it’s by design. 

A team of USA TODAY reporters explored how the policies of the past and present have made Black, Asian, Hispanic and Indigenous Americans prime targets for COVID-19. They found:

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America’s education and economic systems are still unequal, disproportionately leaving people of color out of higher-wage jobs. When COVID-19 struck, more people of color were serving as essential workers directly in the path of the virus.

Decades of discrimination in housing corralled people of color into tightly packed neighborhoods, fueling the virus’ spread. Those neighborhoods tend to lie in “food deserts,” leading to diabetes, obesity and heart disease that make people more likely to die from the virus.

Environmental policies designed by white power brokers at the expense of the poor has poisoned the air they breathe, fueling cancers and leaving communities weakened in the path of the virus. A lack of federal funding left the most vulnerable communities cut off from healthcare at the most critical moment.

Put simply, America’s history of racism was itself a preexisting condition.

Of the 10 U.S. counties with the highest death rates from COVID-19, seven have populations where people of color make up the majority, according to data compiled by USA TODAY. Of the top 50 counties with the highest death rates, 31 are populated mostly by people of color. 

“COVID-19 has brought out into the open, with painful clarity, these divisions in our society that have been there for a long time but, for one reason or another, people were able to overlook them,” said Philip Landrigan, director of the Global Public Health Program at Boston College.

With nearly 1,000 people a day dying from the virus and scientists scrambling to grasp exactly how the virus spreads and kills, federal and state data has not provided enough demographic detail to show the full impact on communities of color. The race and ethnicity of people who contract the virus is known in 52% of cases, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 

But study after study has shown clear patterns in whom the virus kills.

How systemic racism led to COVID-19’s rapid spread among people of color

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Black people are more than

Natural History of Kids’ Benign Bone Tumors; Sarcoma Staging; Pathologic Fractures

Almost 20% of asymptomatic children and adolescents had benign bone tumors of the extremities, a review of a longitudinal radiographic collection showed.

Overall, 35 benign tumors were identified in 33 pediatric patients whose median age was 8. The most commonly identified tumor types were non-ossifying fibromas (NOF, 7.5%), enostoses (5.2%), osteochondromas (4.5%), and enchondromas (1.8%).

The findings came from a review of the Brush Inquiry, a collection of 25,555 radiographs and 262 healthy children. The x-rays were all left-sided views of each patient’s upper and lower extremities. The overall incidence of benign tumors in the asymptomatic population was 18.9%, and the median age at detection after a previous negative radiograph was 9 years. NOFs were the only tumor type that resolved over time, Christopher D. Collier, MD, of the University of Chicago, reported during the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) virtual meeting.

“The goal of this study was to give us more accurate information on the overall incidence of these [tumors] and the natural history,” MSTS program co-chair Thomas J. Scharschmidt, MD, of Ohio State University in Columbus, said during a review of selected abstracts. “The impetus for the study is that those of us in the oncology world have a lot of consults for NOFs, osteochondromas, and other things that can cause a lot of anxiety for families. This information provides us with some numbers to be able to counsel families when they are sent to us.”

Following are summaries of two other abstracts from the meeting.

Skeletal Staging in Bone Sarcomas

As many as 35% of patients with bone sarcomas and bony metastases at diagnosis would have gone undetected if staging had included only a CT scan of the lungs, a separate review of 9,855 patients showed.

The analysis of the National Cancer Database included patients with newly diagnosed bone sarcomas during 2010-2015: 4,013 patients with chondrosarcoma, 4,105 with osteosarcoma, and 1,737 with Ewing sarcoma. The data showed that 11.7% of patients had lung metastases and 4.8% had bone metastases at diagnosis. The presence of bone metastases was associated with worse survival in each of the three histologies and in all histologies combined (P<0.01).

The study had its origin in the growing interest in modified staging protocols that challenge the value of skeletal staging, Collier and colleagues noted in a poster presentation. The data showed that lung-only staging would have missed metastatic disease in 16% of patients with osteosarcoma, 25% of those with chondrosarcoma, and 35% of patients with Ewing sarcoma.

“I think we probably routinely get bone staging, more so in our bone sarcomas and soft-tissue sarcomas, but I think this study really highlighted the importance of that as well as the poor outcomes with bone metastases overall across all of these bone sarcomas,” said Scharschmidt.

Pathologic Fracture and Limb Salvage Outcomes

Pathologic fracture did not adversely affect patient or implant survival following limb salvage surgery for osteosarcoma, a review of 304 cases showed.

During a median follow-up of 13 years, 17 (5.6%) patients had a

Research Paper Matters In Medieval History

A lot of the antibiotics are mixed with anti-allergic medicines like cetirizine Hydrochloride and chlorpheniramine maleate to get good outcome and to ensure our security. Vitamin B12 ( Cyanocobalamine ) is obtained from animal half and used for having good physique well being and widely used in injection form.

Clotrimazole, Beclomethasone Dipropionate, Gentamycin Sulphate, Iodochlorhydroxyquinoline, Chlorocresol, Benzyl Alcohol, Methyl paraben and Propyl barapen are some of the medicines used in the manufacturing of Skin lotions to eliminate pores and skin infections.

Checks which can be carried out on animals vary from them being forced to ingest different household cleaning merchandise after which monitored to see the results and new cosmetics placed on their pores and skin to seek out out if there are any unintended effects that would be dangerous to a human.

Oils used as drugs can be separated into two kinds: fixed and risky. If we can justify that other people feel pain, why is it stated that animals don’t feel ache? The blood lets a health care provider consider a affected person’s well being. With the alarming rate of death because of the dengue virus in this tropical country, the Department of Well being issued an advisory: “By no means belief the medical remedy found on tawa-tawa plant.

Because the scarce rainfall came late of June last yr, the perennial downside on dengue, also known as break-bone fever, lethal illness brought on by the bites low-flying, daytime mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti) claimed lives of mostly Filipino children and a number of other adults.…

Bay Area suspect nicknamed ‘Medicine Man’ arrested in biggest retail theft bust in Calif. history

Photo of Dan Gentile

The San Mateo County Sheriff's office recovered approximately $8 million in stolen goods, as reported by CBS Bay Area.

The San Mateo County Sheriff’s office recovered approximately $8 million in stolen goods, as reported by CBS Bay Area.

San Mateo County Sheriff’s Office

On Tuesday, California Attorney General Xavier Becerra announced that five suspects behind one of the biggest theft rings in state history were arrested in a multi-agency operation called Operation Proof of Purchase.

KPIX reported that over $8 million in household goods, including $1 million in razors, were recovered on a raid on September 30. They were stolen primarily from CVS retail stores, investigators said.

ALSO READ: Oakland PD raided this church. And took all their drugs.

Lower level thieves or “boosters” brought the stolen merchandise to San Francisco’s Tenderloin where they were paid one or two dollars per item by crew leaders. The items then allegedly made their way to Danny Louis Drago, a.k.a. “The Medicine Man,” who police say stored the goods at 16 sites throughout the Bay Area. The items were then sold through a wholesale shell company run by Drago, claims the attorney general’s office, as well as online through outlets like Amazon.

The San Mateo County Sheriff's office recovered approximately $8 million in stolen goods, as reported by CBS Bay Area.

The San Mateo County Sheriff’s office recovered approximately $8 million in stolen goods, as reported by CBS Bay Area.

San Mateo County Sheriff’s Office

According to investigators, one of the thieves who was arrested posted photos on social media of a car trunk full of stolen over-the-counter medicine and a handful of hundred dollar bills.

At the home of one of the crew bosses, police say they found $50,000 hidden behind picture frames, including one framed image of Minnie Mouse.


See the full report at CBS Bay Area.

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Trump’s COVID-19 Diagnosis And History Of Presidents’ Health : NPR

President Trump exits Marine One at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center on Friday in Bethesda, Md. He is staying at the hospital while receiving treatment for the coronavirus.

Alex Edelman/Getty Images


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President Trump exits Marine One at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center on Friday in Bethesda, Md. He is staying at the hospital while receiving treatment for the coronavirus.

Alex Edelman/Getty Images

No sooner had it become known that President Trump had tested positive for the coronavirus than controversy arose over the amount and detail and truthfulness of the information about his condition that was coming from the White House.

The timeline of Trump’s diagnosis and treatment over the past few days continues to evolve. His medical team’s briefings from Walter Reed National Military Medical Center have at times resulted in more confusion than clarity.

In the latest example, White House physician Sean Conley’s Sunday press conference — like his Saturday one — seemed to raise more questions than it answered.

He said the president had received supplemental oxygen, after declining to confirm that on Saturday, and announced that Trump had started taking a steroid after a second drop in his oxygen levels. Conley explained some of his Saturday statements as “trying to reflect the upbeat attitude” of the doctors and Trump.

In an additional display of optimism, Trump even left the medical center to drive by and wave to supporters gathered outside on Sunday. In a rare move, the White House did not inform reporters that the president would be taking the excursion.

None of opaqueness should come as surprise, though. Few occasions of historical importance have been so shrouded in secrecy — and even outright deception — as the health emergencies of world leaders. The U.S. may have been more transparent about these events than most countries, but, even here, the truth has only come to light over time.

“This is one precedent this president is following,” says Barbara Perry, director of Presidential Studies at the University of Virginia’s Miller Center.

Perry says the American public has a right to know the health of their presidents, especially now, given that voters are also just weeks away from deciding at the ballot box who is most fit to inhabit the Oval Office.

“They used to say when the president gets a cold, the stock market drops,” Perry says. “It really has an impact on people’s lives, whether it’s the economy, or in this instance, it would help us to know, is he now even capable of governing?”

Here are a few of the more egregious cases of obfuscation in the past, when the health of the president was in question while he was in office.

Exhibit A: The incapacity of Woodrow Wilson

President Woodrow Wilson and his wife, first lady Edith Bolling Wilson, in an undated photo.

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President Woodrow Wilson and his wife, first lady Edith Bolling Wilson, in an undated photo.

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As

History Of Train Gear

Fitness care benefits are many, and because of this the necessity to hold fit is a priority for a lot of health practitioners, nutritionists and even sports personalities. -Kolata, G, “Most Coronary heart Fee Concept Is Challenged”, The New York Instances Health Web page, April 24, 2001. While pores and skin tanning is commonly most noticeable on light skinned people, darkish brown pores and skin can even tan in response to extended exposure to the solar.

You realize I joke generally about how a whole lot of these fashions have lengthy resumes. An additional by-product of lifting weights is an individual can scale back their body fats and enhance lean muscle mass. Even these of us who have not always led active existence, growing our physical activity now will help us stay longer & more healthy lives.

The physique additionally experiences greater improvement of sluggish twitch muscle fibers, elevated myoglobin content which is essentially an iron-protein compound inside muscle that acts to store and transport oxygen to the muscle. Before displaying up in the IFBB bikini contests, she was a Maxim Magazine Hometown Hottie and a Sizzling Import Nights mannequin.

Nowadays, physical fitness is considered a measure of the body’s skill to perform efficiently and successfully in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist ailments, and to fulfill emergency conditions. We’ve got five Asian feminine bodybuilders, two or three Asian fitness rivals, just a few IFBB Figure Execs, female MMA fighters and Asian fitness fashions.

Here is my seventh article about Feminine Fitness Fashions and Female Fitness Opponents. Ideally masturbation needs to be saved to around two or three times a week, while masturbating more than as soon as a day is usually an excessive amount of and may result in detrimental penis health.…

History Of Exercise Equipment

The history of train tools dates back to the time of early civilization. In accordance with the FTC, Reebok had been unable to substantiate its claims that the shoes enhance decrease physique form and improve muscle activity considerably. That lead her again into Fitness Competitions the place ultimately, at the Nationwide Physique Committee Team Universe show in New York, she placed second and acquired her IFBB Pro Card.

It showed the controversy between female bodybuilders Carla Dunlap, Bev Francis, and Rachel McLish so far as feminine body types in fitness competitions. Apart from fitness modeling, Mary has also carried out plenty of TELEVISION and film work. Cardio train improves the body’s use of oxygen, thus increasing the ability to store it and transport it, which leads to better gradual muscle twitch fibers.

Grainy Muscle groups solely apply to seasoned bodybuilders, it is the place a muscle has age and provides a grainy look grainy muscle mass will help in competition because of the look giving a muscle a extra authentic look somewhat than a flat look that a number of the younger bodybuilders look.

Now she is a fitness model, Vitamin and Way of life Coach, IFBB Figure Competitor and motivational speaker. (1700-1776) Colonial America – The colonial lifestyle requires physical fitness for survival. Healthy bodies extend life and ensure that the lengthy life is without any health issues.

Ava Cowan is a fitness mannequin, bikini model and authorized personal trainer primarily based in South Florida. She remodeled herself by way of exercise and weight loss program, and is named an skilled on bodily training and exercise now. Maintaining fitness therefore, is an effective precautionary measure for guaranteeing the well being of the body and its functioning.…

Analysis Paper Subjects In Medieval History

These are the medicines with anti-inflammatory results. When something is defined as an illness, medical specialists are the ‘go to folks’ who’ve the authority to handle this disease. Hippocrates utilized cautious medical observations to acknowledge the signs of particular diseases, and the concept of physique humors was developed right now.

I positive do agree, i hate people who abuse animals.i feel we must always all treat animals like we treat people. They are less energetic than the drugs of first generation against gram positive micro organism, but they have the ability to cross the blood-brain barrier.

In essence, medicalization happens once we use medical phrases to deal with non-medical issues, and deal with them as medical issues such as sicknesses or diseases. The medication most commonly used were laxatives and anti-emetics To relieve ache, opium extract was used.

Hepatitis B virus may be transmitted by sexual contact, blood transfusion, body fluid, recycled syringe used on infected person, manicure and pedicure when the instruments had been used on infected particular person, tattoo, blood of an infected mom throughout giving beginning.

It is very important consult a physician before pursuing homeopathic medicines as the remedy is individualized and based on the medical history of the patient, life-style, food regimen and emotional state.…

Celebrities And The History Of The Bikini With Photographs Pics Together with Taylor

In case you are dedicated to your well being and fitness, however are sick and bored with the time it takes to work out at the fitness center you would possibly need to look into getting used fitness gear in your residence. That is spokesperson, IFBB Determine Professional, IFBB Bikini Pro, celebrity fitness trainer, host and fitness mannequin, Sherlyn Roy. Our fitness is a priority so we’ll have to set aside 30 minutes a day for exercise. Varied groups must act to beat the problems caused by these migrations and fashionable life which have affected sun publicity charges and precipitated to elevated dangers of various health issues.

The title of this very critical female bodybuilding contest can be called, “Finest within the World,” as ladies who had received different physique contests can be competing. I’ve personally found that aquatic fitness is the way in which to go and suppose it benefits folks of all ages and all physical abilities.

An insight into monkey bar training for obstacle races akin to Spartan Race and Powerful Mudder including muscle groups used and fitness center exercises to think about. Juniper Swim and Fitness Middle has probably the most in depth and assorted aquatic fitness program accessible in Central Oregon as a result of they have again-to-back classes of all levels throughout the week and at assorted times.

Hwang has made significant positive factors in size annually, and by 2012 he won first place in the Professional heavyweight class on the Musclemania World Championship Bodybuilding Competition in Las Vegas. Clearly the plan was to spread the nice phrase of female bodybuilding by providing the very best developed figures in America as proof of the wonders of exercising with barbells and dumbbells.

The other piece of magic for swim fitness is the center muscle works less. This 5 foot three, 116 pound IFBB Professional Fitness competitor began her skilled profession whereas she was working in a fitness membership as a personal trainer. Thanks so much for stopping by. Water aerobics is a superb industry – at all times has been however I see the expansion in this trade as we absolutely understand all the advantages of train to our body.…