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President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump tested positive for COVID-19. Here’s a look at where he traveled the week before his diagnosis.

USA TODAY

The claim: President Donald Trump’s positive COVID-19 test result might be a ‘con’ job

The virus that causes the disease responsible for the deaths of over 200,000 Americans has infected the head of state.

President Donald Trump took to Twitter on Friday morning to confirm a positive COVID-19 test result. 

“Tonight, @FLOTUS and I tested positive for COVID-19. We will begin our quarantine and recovery process immediately. We will get through this TOGETHER!” the president wrote.

Reactions to the news on social media ranged from well-wishes to skepticism.

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On Oct. 2, author and former attorney Richard Greene posted his speculations on Facebook, suggesting Trump’s positive test result could be a “con.” Greene also authored a 2016 Huffington Post story, “Is Donald Trump Mentally Ill? 3 Professors Of Psychiatry Ask President Obama To Conduct ‘A Full Medical And Neuropsychiatric Evaluation.’” His post soon went viral.

There are three reasons, according to Greene, not to trust the White House’s announcement that Trump tested positive:

  1. Trump was on his way to losing his reelection bid after his performance during the first presidential debate on Sept. 29. Testing positive for COVID-19 redirected attention away from the topic of white supremacists.
  2. By “sailing through” a fake illness, Trump could prove his mettle to supporters and emulate Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro.
  3. Greene doesn’t trust “anything that comes out of (Trump’s) mouth, or his ‘Twitter thumbs.'” 

Greene did not mention first lady Melania Trump’s positive test result in his post.

“My FB post on it was instantaneous and has received more, and quicker, response … and more positive response … than anything I believe I have ever posted,” Greene told USA TODAY in an email.

Greene attributed his skepticism to “severe cynicism” after untruths told by Trump during his presidency, as well as a “Coronavirus October Surprise.”

Trump has made over 20,000 false or misleading claims during his term, according to a July report by The Washington Post’s Fact Checker. 

“The term ‘October Surprise’ was coined by a 1980s political operative but has ever since been appropriated by the media to describe unexpected political disasters in the twilight hours of the campaign,” the Smithsonian Magazine explained, adding “they’ve become a staple of modern politics.”

In Greene’s view, an “October surprise” is one of “12 Ways Donald Trump Can Win,” a list compiled by Greene in an Aug. 23 Medium blog post. Greene theorized Trump would convince the Food and Drug Administration to approve a vaccine that “cures” COVID-19 this month, effectively ending “The Coronavirus Crisis.” 

“This could be another version of that ‘October Surprise’ strategy,” Greene said, of Trump’s COVID-19 status.

USA TODAY reached out to the Trump campaign for comment.

More: Trump’s COVID diagnosis followed waning precautions at the White House

Trump adviser Hope Hicks, others tested positive for COVID-19

Despite skepticism by some on social media, the president could have been exposed to the coronavirus during any number of events over the past few weeks.

News of the president and first lady Melania Trump’s positive test results came after reports that White House adviser Hope Hicks tested positive, according to USA TODAY.

Trump told Fox News’ Sean Hannity on Thursday that he and the first lady “spend a lot of time with Hope.”

Hicks traveled extensively with Trump over the last week, including to the first 2020 presidential debate in Cleveland on Sept. 29. USA TODAY reported in-person attendees on Trump’s side of the auditorium refused to wear masks.  

Debate moderator said a safety personnel member from the Cleveland Clinic offered masks to Trump’s family, but he was “waved away,” according to USA TODAY.

Hicks was one of 180 attendees to watch Trump announce the nomination of Judge Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court in the White House Rose Garden last week. USA TODAY reported less than a third of those at the announcement wore masks.

During an interview on ABC’s “Good Morning America” on Friday, former New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, who assisted Trump in preparing for the debate, said the president and others in the room were not wearing masks during preparations.

“No one was wearing masks in the room when we were prepping the president during that period of time. And the group was about five or six people, in total,” Christie said, according to USA TODAY. 

Wearing a mask as well as social distancing from others by at least 6 feet are recommended steps for preventing the spread of COVID-19, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

In addition to Hicks, a number of other people around the president or who were at the White House recently have also tested positive for COVID-19. 

More: Obama wishes ‘speedy recovery’ to President Trump, Melania ‘no matter our party’

Trump attended rallies without mask requirements

During Tuesday’s debate, moderator Chris Wallace asked Trump about the dangers of holding campaign rallies with thousands of people in attendance during a pandemic.

“We had no negative, no negative effect.” Trump said, according to a transcript of the debate. “And we’ve had, 35 (to) 40,000, people at some of these rallies.”  

Trump also said holding the rallies outside makes “a big difference according to the experts.”

Supporters crowded into a partially outdoor airport hangar for a Sept. 3 rally in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, according to USA TODAY, during which Trump criticized political opponent Biden for wearing a mask in public and dismissed questions about his own health.

Trump held another rally in an airport hangar in Freeland, Michigan a week later, according to USA TODAY. Many of the 5,000 attendees were not wearing masks. A Sept. 14 rally in Henderson, Nevada, was held indoors, in defiance of state coronavirus restrictions.

More than 1,000 attendees witnessed Trump’s Aug. 28 acceptance speech for the Republican presidential nomination on the South Lawn of the White House, but audience seating did not comply with CDC-recommended social distancing guidelines. And most didn’t wear masks, USA TODAY reported. 

More: Trump given remdesivir to fight his COVID-19 infection

Listen to the latest Trump COVID-19 updates on the USA TODAY 5 Things podcast

Past outbreaks among White House staff

Hicks is not the only high-profile member of Trump’s inner circle to test positive for the coronavirus. The Republican National Committee confirmed its chair Ronna McDaniel tested positive on Wednesday, according to the Detroit Free Press. McDaniel spent time with the president a week ago.

National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien and senior campaign official Kimberly Guilfoyle both tested positive over the summer, USA TODAY reported in July.

Former acting chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers Tomas Philipson had a mild case of COVID-19 in June but has since left his position at the White House. Top spokesperson for Vice President Mike Pence, Katie Miller, tested positive in early May. Miller returned to work. Pence confirmed he and wife Karen tested negative for the virus Friday morning, according to USA TODAY.

Other members of the White House staff who work in close proximity to the president and family have also tested positive in recent months. The list includes cafeteria workers, a White House valet, a Marine One helicopter pilot and a staffer for Pence, USA TODAY reported.

More: Trump and others positive for COVID: A running list of everyone being tested and their results

Trump imitating Bolsonaro?

On Friday, Greene retweeted a Financial Times video about how President Bolsonaro benefitted from his COVID-19 diagnosis. USA TODAY reported the Brazilian leader tested positive in July.

“The former army captain has repeatedly downplayed the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, often joined in rallies without wearing a mask” says the video. “Following in the footsteps of his political soulmate U.S. President Donald Trump, Bolsonaro also said he was taking the anti-Malaria drug hydroxychloroquine.”

More: Social media teems with conspiracy theories from QAnon and Trump critics after president’s positive COVID-19 test

Trump once touted hydroxychloroquine as a preventative drug for COVID-19, despite evidence showing it does not prevent the development of the disease, USA TODAY reported.

Critics said Bolsonaro denied science by pitching the controversial drug as a possible solution. But returning to work after his quick recovery from COVID-19 made him seem like a “messiah,” according to the video.

“Assuming he truly recovered from the virus, he may emerge politically stronger from the pandemic,” said Financial Times Brazil correspondent Andres Schipani. “His approval ratings remain at roughly 30%, and they’re already showing signs of improvement. With these numbers, history suggests he would be able to fend off efforts to eject him from office by impeachment procedures.”

Trump infamously said testing for the coronavirus is a double-edged sword, and blamed a high number of U.S. cases on increased testing, according to USA TODAY. 

There are obvious similarities between Trump’s and Bolsonaro’s responses to the COVID-19 epidemic. But there is no proof that Trump planned to contract the disease or is lying about testing positive.

Greene told USA TODAY the president’s test result could be accurate, considering the number of people he is exposed to, but added “It is doubtful we will EVER know.”  

“How can we trust ANYONE in Trump’s loyal orbit(?) Remember when The Official White House Physician (Ronny) Jackson lied about Mr. Trump’s height to ensure that he was not dubbed ‘morbidly obese(?)'”

The Post reported on the internet-generated conspiracy theory, termed “girther,” that Jackson had lied about Trump’s height and weight measurements from a 2018 physical. Jackson is no longer White House doctor and won a runoff for Texas’ 13th Congressional District, according to The New York Times.

More: Rose Garden announcement of Supreme Court nominee potential ‘super spreader’ event, with Trump plus others getting COVID

Our rating: False

We rate this claim FALSE, based on our research. Greene asserts President Trump will try to win the 2020 presidential election by using a positive COVID-19 test result as political capital. However, the claim includes speculations without factual basis.

Our fact-check sources:

  • Richard Greene, accessed Oct. 2, “About Richard Greene”
  • Fox News, Oct. 1, “Trump, first lady begin the ‘quarantine process’ after Hope Hicks tests positive for coronavirus”
  • USA TODAY, July 7, “Coronavirus updates: Ohio mandates masks in 7 hard-hit counties; Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro tests positive; US cases nears 3M”
  • Financial Times, Sept. 9, “How Brazil’s Bolsonaro has benefited from Covid-19”
  • USA TODAY, June 4, “Study finds hydroxychloroquine, the drug taken by Trump to ward off COVID-19, doesn’t prevent coronavirus infection”
  • USA TODAY, Sept. 4, “Trump mocks Biden for mask-wearing, dismisses health questions in Pennsylvania rally”
  • USA TODAY, Sept. 10, “Trump warns in Michigan that ‘globalist sellout’ Biden will send American jobs overseas”
  • USA TODAY, Aug. 28, “Trump’s RNC speech lacked some coronavirus safeguards. That might have been the point”
  • USA TODAY, July 27, “A look at White House aides, campaign staff who have tested positive for coronavirus”
  • Detroit Free Press, Oct. 2, “Republican Chair Ronna McDaniel tests positive for COVID-19, quarantining in Michigan”
  • USA TODAY, June 23, “Senate Dems ask HHS watchdog to investigate Trump’s ‘slow the testing down’ comment”
  • USA TODAY, Oct. 2, “Vice President Mike Pence to continue campaigning while Trump quarantines after testing positive for COVID”
  • USA TODAY, Sept. 14, “Trump holds indoor rally in Nevada, defying state coronavirus restrictions”
  • USA TODAY, Sept. 30, “Read the full transcript from the first presidential debate between Joe Biden and Donald Trump”
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Aug. 7, “Considerations for Wearing Masks”
  • USA TODAY, Oct. 2, “Future of presidential debates unclear after Trump tests positive; Trump family largely ignored mask rules Tuesday”
  • USA TODAY, Oct. 2, “White House adviser Hope Hicks tests positive for COVID-19, Trump and first lady also positive”
  • USA TODAY, Oct. 2, “‘No one was wearing masks’ during debate prep, Chris Christie says after president contracts coronavirus”
  • HuffPost, Dec. 18, 2017, “Is Donald Trump Mentally Ill? 3 Professors Of Psychiatry Ask President Obama To Conduct ‘A Full Medical And Neuropsychiatric Evaluation’”
  • Richard Greene for Medium, Aug. 23, “12 Ways Donald Trump Can Win”
  • Johns Hopkins University & Medicine Coronavirus Resource Center, accessed Oct. 2, “Global Map”
  • The New York Times, July 14 “Ronny Jackson, Ex-White House Doctor, Wins Texas House Runoff”
  • Smithsonian Magazine, Oct. 11, 2016, “The History of the October Surprise”
  • CNN, Oct. 2, “How the phrase ‘October surprise’ entered the political lexicon”
  • Politico Magazine, Oct. 4, 2016, “15 October Surprises That Wreaked Havoc on Politics”
  • USA TODAY, Oct. 2, “Trump, other insiders test positive for COVID: A running list of those close to the White House being tested and their results”
  • USA TODAY, Oct. 3, “‘The likely outcome’: Trump’s COVID diagnosis followed waning precautions at the White House”
  • USA TODAY, Oct. 2, “Social media teems with conspiracy theories from QAnon and Trump critics after president’s positive COVID-19 test”

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