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SPORTS MEDICINE: Vitamin D more vital than ever | John Doherty

The best opportunity for preventive care, according to Wojtys, occurs in the teenage years, decades before diagnosis. “Peak bone mass is dependent on 5 main factors: sex, race, hormones, nutrition and physical activity,” he wrote. “Sex and race are nonmodifiable, while nutrition, physical activity and hormones are.

“While all the first 20 years of life are important in bone development, approximately 40% to 60% of adult bone mass is achieved during adolescence. Interestingly, 25% of peak bone mass is acquired during the two-year span around peak height velocity: 12.5 years of age for girls and 14 years of age for boys. Nearly all (90%) peak bone mass will have accrued by the age of 18 years, often determining our fracture risk for the rest of our lives.”

Dietary calcium is key for developing strong bones.

Wojtys advises teenagers get 1,300 mg per day for optimal growth. “Keeping in mind that an 8-ounce serving of milk provides 300 mg of calcium” Wojtys wrote, “it is clear that the calcium demand for optimal growth is not easily met. I don’t know of many teenagers who drink four glasses of milk per day. For those restricted to vegetable diets and who do not consume milk or other calcium-fortified plant milks, the challenge to obtain enough calcium becomes much more difficult.”

To optimize absorption of calcium, Vitamin D is necessary. Without Vitamin D, bones are able to absorb only 10-15% of available dietary calcium, according to Wojtys. This vital substance is found in milk, eggs, fish, breakfast cereal and multivitamins. Play outside in warm weather, in a T-shirt and shorts, and the sun and your skin will combine to make it for you.

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Dental, oral health vital amid pandemic: Dentist


A Turkish dentist on Wednesday warned that if oral hygiene and health are not taken seriously, the novel coronavirus pandemic may deteriorate as infections accelerate and symptoms become more severe.

The mouth and nose are the first places that the coronavirus enters the body, Murat Akkocaoglu told Anadolu Agency, underlining the importance of oral and dental health during the pandemic.

Many have asked whether dental treatment is still safe amid the outbreak, he noted, adding that as long as dental clinics take all the necessary hygiene measures, there is no need for worry.

“Hygiene rules should be increased even more, especially during pandemics,” Akkocaoglu said, stressing that areas used during treatment must be disinfected after each use and have the equipment needed to easily provide disposable materials.

Larger clinics where distance can be maintained between patients would be more suitable to curb infection.

“Clinics should also have a personal appointment system so that the doctor can be reached with minimum contact before treatment.”

Better oral health, better body immunity

Maintaining good oral and dental health is important to prevent not only COVID-19, but other infectious afflictions as well, Akkocaoglu said.

”The mouth is the entryway to the body. Much more attention should be paid to oral and dental health and hygiene during the pandemic. The first places COVID-19 enters the human body are the mouth and nose. In short, protecting the entrance from infections is especially vital.”

However, he warned that using excessive amounts of substances like vinegar and alcohol risked damaging healthy tissue barriers.

“I recommend regular brushing of the teeth rather than other practices,” he said.

*Writing by Yunus Girgin in Ankara

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