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Wear Mask In Maplewood Village, Especially Teens

MAPLEWOOD, NJ — Maplewood Mayor Frank McGehee and Health Officer Candice Davenport said in a letter Monday night that mask-wearing is now mandatory in the Maplewood Village area, and he also encouraged young people not to throw crowded house parties.

“Recently our Board of Health issued an emergency resolution to mandate mask wearing at all times in Maplewood Village,” the pair wrote. “…Because there has been an inconsistency in face covering usage in the Village, this is a proactive effort by our township to prevent more illness. Mandatory face covering in high density, high pedestrian traffic business areas boosts public confidence to shop and frequent local businesses and reinforces mask wearing compliance. It also helps our small businesses stay in business.”

The pair sent out this note to the community on Monday night:

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The State of COVID in Maplewood — A note from Health Officer, Candice Davenport and Mayor McGehee

As we continue to adjust to our new normal it is important to note that our FIRST PRIORITY continues to be the health and safety of our residents by reducing any possibilities of community spread and keeping our COVID cases low.

Recently our Board of Health issued an emergency resolution to mandate mask wearing at all times in Maplewood Village. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), masks/face coverings help to control the spread of disease by reducing the exposure to infected respiratory droplets. Because there has been an inconsistency in face covering usage in the Village, this is a proactive effort by our township to prevent more illness.

Mandatory face covering in high density, high pedestrian traffic business areas boosts public confidence to shop and frequent local businesses and reinforces mask wearing compliance. It also helps our small businesses stay in business.

Signage placed prominently around the Village will serve as a reminder that face coverings in public spaces are required during this public health emergency as per the Office of the Governor.

Here are the facts:

  • While our cases may be low, they are increasing in other areas all across the state.

  • NJ has been added to Massachusetts’ Higher Risk States List, and now if you travel to MA you are required to fill out a travel form and quarantine.

  • Last Thursday, Governor Murphy reported that our state had 1,301 new positive cases in one day – Thursday’s number was the most announced in one day since late May.

  • The Essex County 7 day average positive new case count has more than doubled from 24 to 56 in the last 30 days.

  • 1,091 people have died in Essex county and 27 people have died in Maplewood.

  • State COVID hospitalizations have been increasing every day – hitting a mark of 666 late last week – the highest mark since Aug. 5th.

  • Maplewood has had 378 confirmed cases to date and while we saw 17 new cases in August and 16 in September, just 11 days into October, we have 9 new active cases

Depressed teens may struggle in school

By about age 16, teens diagnosed with depression have substantially lower educational attainment, a new British study finds.

Targeted educational support might be of particular benefit to teens from poor backgrounds and boys, but all children with depression can benefit from such help, the study authors suggested.

For the study, the researchers used British health and education records to identify nearly 1,500 kids under 18 years of age with depression. Typically, their depression was diagnosed around age 15. Their educational attainment was compared with a group of young people who were not depressed.

Among students with a diagnosis of depression, 83% reached expected educational attainment at ages 6 to 7, but only 45% hit more advanced thresholds in English and math by age 15 to 16. Researchers said that’s much lower than the 53% who met the threshold locally and nationwide.

“Previous research has found that, in general, depression in childhood is linked to lower school performance,” said researcher Alice Wickersham, a doctoral student at NIHR Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre of King’s College London.

But young people who developed depression in secondary school typically showed a performance decline on the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) exams. The exams — taken by most pupils at about age 15 to 16 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland — dovetailed with the time of diagnosis for many young people.

The pattern appeared to be consistent across different genders, ethnicities and economic groups, Wickersham said in a research center news release.

“While it’s important to emphasize that this won’t be the case for all teenagers with depression, it does mean that many may find themselves at a disadvantage for this pivotal educational milestone,” Wickersham said.

“It highlights the need to pay close attention to teenagers who are showing early signs of depression. For example, by offering them extra educational support in the lead up to their GCSEs, and working with them to develop a plan for completing their compulsory education,” she added.

Researcher Dr. Johnny Downs, senior lecturer in child and adolescent psychiatry at King’s College London, said the findings have two key policy implications.

“It demonstrates just how powerful depression can be in reducing young people’s chances at fulfilling their potential, and provides a strong justification for how mental health and educational services need to work to detect and support young people prior to critical academic milestones,” he said.

The findings were published online Oct. 8 in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

More information

For more about teens and depression, head to the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health.

Copyright 2020 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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Parents often clueless when teens start vaping, study says

Parents are often clueless when their kids start smoking e-cigarettes, a new study finds.

On the other hand, Mom and Dad usually can tell if their children take up traditional smoking, said researchers from the University of California, San Francisco.

Having strict household rules against any form of tobacco is the best form of prevention, researchers found. And those rules should apply to adults, too.

“Tobacco use by children is troubling, and dentists, like all health care providers, should be concerned about preventing youth tobacco use,” study co-author Dr. Benjamin Chaffee, an associate professor in the university’s School of Dentistry.

“We know that tobacco-free homes are a key tool to help prevent smoking by kids,” he said in a university news release.

The study included parents of more than 23,000 kids aged 12 to 17. Researchers found the parents were less likely to know or suspect that their child used e-cigarettes, non-cigarette tobacco products or smokeless tobacco, compared with traditional cigarettes or other tobacco products.

As traditional smoking declines among American youth, use of e-cigarettes is rising. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said last year that 1 in 4 high school students vapes.

The new research looked at cigarettes and e-cigarettes, and also cigars, pipes, hookahs and bidis. It also examined use of smokeless tobacco products such as snuff, chewing tobacco, snus and dissolvable tobacco.

Researchers found that parents were more likely to know or suspect a child was using tobacco if the child was older, male, white, lived with a smoker, and if parents were less educated. Mothers were more clued in than fathers.

Moreover, teens and tweens whose parents had the strictest rules against tobacco use were 20% to 26% less likely to start using tobacco, compared with kids in the most permissive homes.

To stop kids from using tobacco, the researchers suggest parents:

  • Not smoke themselves.
  • Insist on tobacco-free homes.
  • Maintain strict rules against all tobacco use by anyone in the home.
  • Have clear communication with your children about not smoking.

The report was published Oct. 5 in the journal Pediatrics.

More information

For more on children and smoking, see the American Lung Association.

Copyright 2020 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

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Study: Teens who vape nicotine more likely to also use cannabis e-cigarettes

Oct. 6 (UPI) — If teens are vaping nicotine, it’s likely they’re also using cannabis-based e-cigarettes and vice versa, according to a new analysis published Tuesday by JAMA Network Open.

The survey of more than 3,000 adolescents and teens from 10 high schools in the Los Angeles area found that older teens who identified as frequent users of nicotine vaping devices were 25% more likely than others to be moderate users of cannabis e-cigarettes.

Those who started using nicotine-based e-cigarettes in adolescence also were 46% more likely than others to become frequent cannabis vapers, the researchers said.

The trends suggest high levels of “poly-substance” use among teens who vape, according to the researchers. Poly-substance use is a term used in addiction medicine to describe dependence on two or more drugs.

“Poly-substance nicotine and cannabis vaping appears to be the norm, compared to nicotine-only or cannabis-only vaping for adolescents and young adults,” study co-author H. Isabella Lanza told UPI.

“If your teen vapes one substance, it’s highly likely they are or will vape other substances,” said Lanza, an associate professor of human development at California State University-Long Beach.

E-cigarette use among teens has been seen as a significant public health challenge in recent years, with research indicating that as many as one in four teens vape.

In 2019, more than 2,500 teens suffered from e-cigarette- or vaping-associated lung injury, or EVALI, with one young person in Michigan even requiring a lung transplant to treat the potentially dangerous condition.

In their research, Lanza and her colleagues surveyed 3,322 high school students on their use of vaping products.

Among those surveyed, 17% reported infrequent — one to two days per month — nicotine use and 18% indicated that they vaped cannabis infrequently, the data showed.

Moderate use — up to seven days per month — of nicotine and cannabis vaping products was reported by 5% and 7% of the teen respondents, respectively, while approximately 6% indicated frequent use — up to 19 days per month — of both, according to the researchers.

In addition to the health risks associated with vaping, teens who use e-cigarettes are also more likely to transition to traditional cigarettes — and possibly become heavy smokers — as adults, data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggests.

A separate analysis, published Tuesday by JAMA Network Open, found that the percentage of young adults who started smoking in early adulthood — aged 18 to 23 years — has more than doubled to 43% in 2018 from 21% in 2002.

“Although prevention strategies focused on adolescent vaping should remain prominent, efforts specifically addressing young adult vaping use may be warranted to substantially reduce nicotine and cannabis vaping,” Lanza said.